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Stress Management: Strategies from Psychology for Better Well-Being

Stress is an inevitable part of everyday life. It often feels like something we can’t avoid–and sometimes it might feel like something we are powerless to do anything about. We know we are going to experience stress, and the truth is that there are times when we can do little to avoid it. What we can do, however, is develop more effective ways of dealing with it. 

The effects of stress on our minds and bodies are difficult to overstate. Our daily lives are filled with challenges and psychological stressors. Work, family, relationships, money, health–it all adds up. And that doesn’t include how we are inundated with other stressors every time we scroll through social media or turn on the news. War, climate change, political upheaval, and social unrest add to our ever-growing list of stress sources. 

Stress is everywhere, so finding effective ways to manage and mitigate it is essential. The good news is that psychologists have found a wealth of stress management strategies to help people deal with the things that trigger their body’s stress response. 

In this article, we’ll explore proven techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, mindfulness, and more, all backed by psychological research. Once equipped with the tools you need, you’ll be better able to tackle stress head-on.

Deep Breathing

Deep breathing can be such an effective tool for managing stress that some researchers have described it as literally life-changing. It’s a practice deeply rooted in psychology, known for its immediate calming effect.

When we feel stressed and anxious, it triggers the body’s fight-or-flight response. The result is that we tend to take short, quick, shallow breaths. It changes the balance in the body and can ultimately prolong feelings of stress and anxiety.

To combat this, we need to activate the parasympathetic nervous system. This system induces the relaxation response, slowing and calming the mind and body.

You can accomplish this by taking slower, deeper breaths. There are many ways to do this, but abdominal breathing is a good place to start. 

Take a deep breath that causes your ribcage and belly to expand as you inhale. Once you fully inhale, slowly exhale.


Mediation is a practice that can be a valuable tool for managing stress. By meditating, you can achieve a deep state of calm and relaxation.

How exactly does meditation work? It involves fully focusing your attention on the present moment. As you meditate, you focus your mind on your breath. It’s not about clearing or emptying your mind. Instead, it’s about focusing your attention and gently bringing your focus back to your breath if your mind does happen to wander. 

It can help you become more present in the moment and heighten self-awareness. In doing so, you can better understand your stress triggers and reactions, paving the way for more effective stress management strategies.

Meditation can also help enhance emotional resilience. It does this by fostering a non-judgmental and compassionate mindset. 

This means that when you approach a stressful situation, you can do so with a more balanced perspective. The emotions you might normally experience during a stressful situation seem less intense and overwhelming.

Mediation doesn’t just produce short-term effects when it comes to stress management. Time and practice can help your body better regulate the overall stress response. 

You’ll feel more in tune with your emotions and thought patterns, which allows you to take proactive steps to deal with the things that are causing stress in your life. In this way, meditation is a powerful, holistic approach to stress management that can have lasting, positive effects on your overall well-being. It takes time and effort, but the rewards are well worth it.


You hear a lot about mindfulness these days, but it’s much more than a buzzword; it’s a powerful tool for well-being and stress management with a solid research foundation.  It involves intentionally focusing your attention on the present moment without judgment. 

When you engage in mindfulness, you can gain greater awareness and clarity about your thoughts, emotions, and bodily sensations. This can be very useful when it comes to dealing with stress. Sometimes, the best way to circumvent stress is to figure out what’s causing it, how you’re reacting to it, and what intrusive thoughts you have that might make it worse.

Mindfulness can help you learn to recognize your stress triggers and thought patterns that create anxiety. Once you understand those triggers and thoughts, you can take steps to deal with them.

But mindfulness can also fight stress in other ways. By adopting a less reactive and accepting approach to our experiences, we are less likely to respond to them with feelings of anxiety and stress. Once you do that, you can develop healthier coping strategies.

Regular mindfulness practice is known to lower stress hormones in the body, such as cortisol, leading to improved overall emotional well-being and resilience in the face of life’s challenges. 

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based therapeutic approach that can be highly effective for managing stress. CBT operates based on a simple premise:  our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are all interconnected.

The goal of CBT is to help you identify and change the negative or unrealistic thought patterns that worsen feelings of stress. 

During a CBT session, you’ll work with a therapist to pinpoint the thought patterns and cognitive distortions that are wreaking havoc on your well-being. A therapist then uses a process known as cognitive restructuring to challenge and replace them with more rational and balanced ones.

This can lead to immediate reductions in anxiety, but it can also help you develop coping skills to apply to future situations.

Other benefits of CBT include:

  • Boosting problem-solving skills (so you can look for solutions that will reduce stress)
  • Realistic goal setting (so you can find manageable ways of achieving things without getting too stressed)
  • Emotional regulation skills (so you can feel less overwhelmed in the face of stress)

Learning more about how your thoughts, emotions, and behaviors are connected can help you feel more in control of your life and stress. CBT can be an excellent stress management tool; fortunately, there are plenty of great ways to access it today. 

Traditional face-to-face therapy is one option, but you might also consider online therapy through various online platforms or even mobile apps that allow you to engage in self-directed cognitive behavioral therapy.

Research has also shown that CBT can be an effective tool for managing stress-related mental health conditions, including anxiety, depression, and substance use.


Exercise is obviously great for your physical health, but it can also be a powerful and accessible tool for stress management. When we engage in physical activity, our bodies release endorphins, natural mood lifters that can promote well-being and relaxation. 

You can think of endorphins as your body’s natural stress relievers! They make you feel good and help reduce anxiety and tension. 

Research has even found that exercise can be an effective tool for preventing and treating anxiety.

Regular exercise also helps you:

  • Sleep better (critical for managing stress!)
  • Release tension (helping you blow off all that pent-up frustration and energy)
  • Find a distraction (instead of ruminating and worrying, you can focus on moving your body)

Not only that, regular exercise also improves overall physical health, which, it turns out, is also important for managing stress. When your body is in better condition, you become more resilient to the potentially damaging effects of stress.

Social Support

Human connection is a fundamental need for all people, which is why social support is so important when it comes to managing stress. Research has shown that having a network of friends, loved ones, and other support people can create a sort of buffer against the negative effects of stress.

Talking to people we trust about the things causing us stress can help us understand our emotions and get a better perspective on the situation. During times of stress, we can also turn to others to gain the validation, support, connection, and sometimes help that we need.

Different types of stress require different types of support. Sometimes, we just need a supportive person who is willing to listen. In other cases, we might need someone to help us with everyday tasks or to solve the problems we are having.

 When individuals share their concerns and challenges with trusted confidants, it allows them to vent emotions and gain perspective, which can be highly therapeutic. In times of stress, friends and loved ones often offer encouragement, validation, and a sense of connection, reinforcing one’s sense of belonging and self-worth. This, in turn, can foster emotional resilience, as individuals know they are not facing stressors alone and have a support system to rely on.

Knowing that we can count on others for help when we need it can also provide a sense of security and safety. Stress seems a lot less overwhelming when we feel safe, secure, and supported.

Time Management

Effective time management can also be an important stress management tool, particularly in today’s fast-paced world. If you’re like many people, stress often happens when you feel like you don’t have enough time to do everything you want to do. (Like juggling work, family, relationships, and all the self-care practices we need to do to stay mentally healthy!)

When we learn to prioritize our tasks and allocate our time wisely, we can feel less pressure. Instead of being overwhelmed by looming deadlines, we can look at our goals, break them into manageable chunks, and create reasonable schedules that don’t leave us stressed and overcommitted. 

By managing our time effectively, we can plan our time in ways that minimize last-minute rushing to meet deadlines. It also allows us to give ourselves enough time for what we must and want to do.

In other words, we can create a schedule that gives us time to relax and lead a more balanced, less stressful life.

Time management strategies that can help include the following:

  • Skip multitasking (which often creates mental clutter and stress), and try focusing on one task at a time. 
  • Prioritize and tackle important tasks when you know you’ll have a clear mind and time to focus.
  • Try time blocking, which involves allocating a specific amount of time to work on a specific task.
  • Eliminate distractions by ensuring your workplace is comfortable and clear of things that might create mental stress. 


Self-compassion involves treating oneself with the same kindness and understanding you would extend to someone else. It can cultivate better mental well-being and be a vital tool for tackling stress.

Compassion for yourself can help undo some of the devasting effects of stress. Instead of criticizing yourself, for example, you might treat yourself with kindness. Rather than being angry with how you did, you might respond in a way that is gentler, less intense, and less stress-invoking.

Self-compassion can also help you foster a more balanced view of stressful situations. Instead of engaging in cognitive distortions, like catastrophizing or using all-or-nothing thinking, you can approach the situation with a more realistic perspective. You’ll also have greater empathy for yourself and others.

When you feel compassion toward yourself, it’s easier to acknowledge that everyone faces difficulties at some point. This way of looking at situations can reduce self-blame and perfectionism, which are common sources of stress. 


Humor is last, but certainly not least, on our list of stress management techniques. Laughter can be a remarkable (and often underappreciated) way of coping with the stress we face each and every day. It has the power to almost instantly boost our mood and mood and change how we perceive stress. 

How? When we laugh, our bodies release endorphins, those natural feel-good chemicals. Endorphins help us feel relaxed and promote a sense of overall well-being. 

This physiological reaction can be a powerful way to counteract the physical and emotional toll stress takes.

Finding humor can also be a way to take a mental break from our stressors. After all, it’s hard to feel worried or anxious when you are laughing. By creating a distance from our worries, we can return to the problem with a fresher, less reactive perspective.

Humor can also create a sort of buffer against stress. Sharing a laugh with friends, family, or colleagues can strengthen those social bonds that are so critical to mental wellness. It can create stronger bonds and a greater resilience to adversity. 

Laughing and finding humor in situations can help help you to develop a more positive mindset. When we feel optimistic about life, we are less likely to be affected by stressful situations. 

Fortunately, there are plenty of ways to bring humor into your life, whether you enjoy reading humourous stories, watching comedies, or just hanging out with a friend who brings out your more lighthearted, humorous side.

The Bottom Line

In our modern, fast-paced world, stress management is not a luxury but a necessity for maintaining mental and physical health. The field of psychology offers a treasure trove of strategies and techniques, each backed by research and designed to improve overall well-being. Making these stress management practices a part of your regular self-care routine allows you to face stress head-on, leading to a healthier, happier, and more fulfilling life.


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